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What is a Front End Developer, and what are his missions?
The Front End Developer programs the visible part, the user interface of an app or a website, unlike the back-end developer who works in the shadows.
His job resembles that of a web integrator, but he has a more important role in the creation of a web solution thanks to his many skills in development. This is why we also speak of web integrator developers.
It largely contributes to ensuring that the user has smooth and pleasant navigation via an ergonomic interface for which he is responsible for development.
Its main missions:
He must ensure that the site is responsive, that is to say, capable of adapting to all types of media in order to offer a qualitative and uniform experience on all web browsers and phones on the market that have resolutions and sizes of different screens.
The main objective is to make, or maintain, the site functional, intuitive, and fast while respecting the W3C standards. Quality code and rigorous pre-production testing serve this purpose.
Also, the Front End Developer must integrate different tags in his code to make it SEO-friendly, to better reference the site, and bring traffic.
Finally, a permanent technological watch is essential in order to stay up to date with the multitudes of innovations in the sector and to master the most effective solutions on the market.
Who are the main contacts?
The Front End Developer has as their main collaborator the back-end developer (s). It is together that they will be able to develop almost the entire site or the web solution.
At the same time, the Front End Developer can be in contact with a:
UX and/or UI Designer
A project manager or Product Owner
What are the skills and qualities required for it?
Rigor, pragmatism, and organization are essential qualities for any developer.
Curiosity and passion for the discipline are particularly important in the Front End Developer in order to adapt to constant technological developments by constantly informing oneself.
In terms of knowledge, three main technologies are the basis of the Front End Developer.
HTML allows you to incorporate all the elements (texts, images, etc.) into a page.
CSS is used to modify the appearance of these elements (color, size) and their position.
These frameworks allow you to create code more quickly and efficiently by offering ready-made libraries of functions.
A creative mind and an interest in visual elements will allow the Front End Developer dev to be autonomous on certain retouching and adjustment decisions, moreover, if he has mastered a DTP software like Photoshop.
Also, a good knowledge of the different browsers and W3C standards is essential to creating a responsive site. Basics in PHP, SQL, and some CMS like WordPress are undeniably a plus.
What studies or training to become a Front End Developer?
There are several ways to access Front End Developer positions.
After a general or computer science baccalaureate, many starts with a DUT or a BTS in computer science and then go on to a second cycle degree in an engineering school, computer science, or at the university.
A multitude of schools specializing in digital technology such as Epitech, HETIC, or Supdeweb offers specific training courses of varying lengths. Ideal in particular for retraining or in the continuity of an initial course (web designer for example), the shortest programs like “Le Wagon” allow in a few months or weeks the acquisition of essential bases.
With the explosion of different online learning solutions such as OpenClassroom, a large number of young developers are self-taught and work on freelance assignments where diplomas do not matter.
Training without bac or not dispensing state diplomas is therefore quite possible, but profiles with bac +5 are often more appreciated by recruiters.
However, it should be kept in mind that skills and experience prevail in the vast majority of IT development professions. The diploma is therefore not the first selection criterion.
What are the professional developments and career prospects of a Front End Developer?
With practice and experience, the front-end developer can become a full-stack dev if they master other languages (PHP, Python, Java, Ruby, NodeJs …).
A full-stack developer is able to manage everything on their own, from the back-end to the front-end.
The same goes for hybrid development and the technologies that make it possible to develop both on the web and on mobile.
From a hierarchical point of view, an experienced front-end developer can claim a front-end lead developer position: he will then manage a team of developers, integrators, UX / UI designers, etc., or to a Tech Lead Front position: he will then only take technical responsibility for the frontend part.
Some front-end developers are also turning to the professions of UX / UI designer, web designer, project manager, mobile developer, or even Product Owners.
What are the main industries and employers of a Front End Developer?
A front-end developer can work in a large number of companies: Startups, SMEs, large groups, software/web application publishers, digital agencies, etc.
Depending on the importance of the website, the software, or the application to be developed, a company will choose either to internalize the front-line skill by directly hiring a developer (CDI, internship, work-study) or to call on a freelance, an ESN, or to an external development agency.
In conclusion, the front-end developer is responsible for the look, feel, and interactivity of a website or application.
They use a variety of programming languages and tools to create websites and applications that are easy to use and look great.
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